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[写作] 托福写作手把手教你轻松写好开头

bbcs   发表于 2017-7-13 11:02:38 | 显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式 | 跳转到指定楼层
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托福写作考试分为综合写作和独 立写作,其中独 立写作最有难度,原因可能就是难在开头部分了。那么托福独 立写作的开头要如何去写呢?这里总结了利用“定义法”三步快速搞定托福独 立写作开关,希望可以帮助到大家。开头部分困扰大部分考生。很多考生会报怨没有思路,不知道从哪下笔。所以用 I agree 或 I disagree…一句话引出自己立场来搞定开头的同学不在少数。有的同学怕写不好,甚至不敢轻易写开头。其实大可不必多虑,毕竟托福写作风格以议论文为主,也就是说开头表达好自己的立场就够了,所以建议:背景铺垫+个人立场。托福写作手把手教你轻松写好开头
对于开头的构思,我们可以直接套用模板,加入自己的观点。比如模版开头一:
when it comes to the topic that…, opinions of the public are of great variety. Admittedly, some people would claim that….. However, I still insist that… My reasons will be listed as follows.
又比如在涉及到A和B两个对象的影响类的题目里,常见模版开头二:
Nowadays, the influence of A on B is a matter for debate for a long time. some people claim that… However, I disagree with them. In my viewpoint, … and the following is my reasons.
模版可以用,但不建议同学们直接拿来就套上,一是语言显得呆板,二是托福官方对模版的态度为“不扣分,不加分”。因此想要高分的同学们,模板还是少用的好。最好的开头,还是同学们通过自己思考得来的。今天我们一起看下常见的开头破冰法之一:定义法引入
所谓“定义法”,就是下定义,对题目中的某些名词或概念进行解释,如题中所涉及的 success, responsibility, independence,social skills,part-time jobs 等,我们可以直接解释其定义及大家对它的看法,还可以涉及到它的重要性或影响等词,比如 importance, benefits, advantageous,exe rt positive/negative influence on,一句话带过即可。下面我们结合具体题目带入“定义法引入”的具体应用。
例如:D/A: One ofthe best ways that parents can help their teenager children prepare for adult life is to encourage them to take a part-time job.
在道题中,涉及的名词有parents, teenager children, adult life, 和a part-time job四个名词及词组,也就是说这个题目我们可以从四个角度进行开头段的构思。不过我们应先从最好把握的入手。不难发现,a part-time job属于话题的关键词,所以[第一步]我们可直接针对a part-timejob进行解释,如 Part-time jobs, which act as a warm-up for the future career, can provide children with a general image of the society. 或 Part-time jobs is of great importance in helping children better understand the society they are live in.
定义法解释过之后,
[第二步]我们要引出题中的其它对象,最后再引出自己立场。如上边紧接着 a part-time job 这句可以写 For most parents, it is really an ideal choice to help their children prepare for adult life.
[第三步]在点明观点时,我们要,Thus I agree with the opinion in the statement.甚至最后可以加一句,比如:my reasons will be detailed as follows. 或者my reasons are as follows.
这时我们的开头段已经基本搞定:
Part-time jobs, which act as a warm-up for the future career, can provide children with ageneral image of the society.For most parents, it is really an ideal choice to help their children prepare for adult life.Thus I agree with the opinion in the statement. My reasons will be detailed as follows.
这个题目还涉及到其它三个对象,也就是说,我们还可以根据上边定义法的思路以其它三种方式引出该话题,见下文供大家参考:
Parents:
Parents, as the most essential guide in our life, love us so much that they always want a fast and steady development of us. Thus, many parents suggest their children to work on a part-time job, which acts as a warm-up for their future career. From where I stand, I agree with the suggestion to take on a part-time job during teenage period. My reasons are listed as follows.
Teenage children:
Teenage is the most crucial period in one’s life, for it is a fast developing stage both in physical and mental aspects. That is why parents are urged to figure out the most efficient way for their children to keep up with the quick development. Working on a part-time job is considered one of the best solutions for many parents. From where I stand, I agree with the suggestion to take on apart-time job during teenage period. My reasons are listed as follows.
Adult life:
Many teenagers are looking forward to the adult life while the other are reluctant to grow up. However, growing up is an inevitable process/stage in one’s life. Part-time job, which acts as a warm-up for the future career, gives children a general image of the society.From where I stand, I agree with the suggestion to take on a part-time job during teenage period. My reasons are listed as follows.
托福写作手把手教你轻松写好开头

我们还可以以同样的方法带入其它题目,比如 D/A: People should have hobbies and do physical activities that are very different from work.
这个题目所涉及名词有 work 和 hobbies and physical activities,我们就以 work 为切入点,进行定义,然后引出开头段。比如:
For most people, work takes a massive part of our whole lives. We go to school to prepare for a career, work through our best years, and eventually, after retirement, live off of pension generated from the job. However, other than the monetary part, our hobbies and physical activities might benefit us more if they were different from our jobs.
这个开头写法相对比较灵活,并没有受原题目的限制,巧妙的引出了自己立场值得大家参考。
Tips:
对题目里提及的名词进行解释时,建议以自己熟悉的名词入手,尽量避开抽象的名词,降低构思的难度。


发表于 2017-7-13 11:02:38 | 显示全部楼层

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一般开篇的长度以40-60字为宜,主要还是以论述为主,防止在这开篇浪费太多时间。
发表于 2017-7-13 11:02:39 | 显示全部楼层

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