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[写作] 英语四级作文范文模板汇总(带翻译)------------不断更新中!

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tina.hu   发表于 2012-7-23 15:25:53 | 显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式 | 跳转到指定楼层
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英语四级备考作文范文:对我一生影响最大的书4 d" Q/ M2 T/ {$ P- p: t( O

$ D( _- Q* k8 B1 `0 Y" c& P. a/ I7 f读书如交友。通过书,你可以和几千年前的孔子、苏格拉底交流思想,你可以与几百年前的曹雪芹、卢梭围炉恳谈。你,和几个伟大的灵魂交流过? " B) h7 Q9 n! _2 N0 q7 J* B# |
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   The Most Influential Book in My Life + t4 J+ p4 L* L8 ]
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  The Story of My Life by Helen Keller is the most influential book in my life. It abounds with courage, struggle and faith throughout.① Helen Keller was once in deep despair in her childhood, but finally she decided to overcome her physical defects and live happily. Furthermore, she showed great patience in her long and hard learning period.8 d: T. w  s* f

, W0 @. |1 E1 {6 G  v4 b  I have learned, above all, three lessons from her story.② First, she taught me that often the road to success is to face hardships bravely. Maybe you are born under an ill star yet you can stand a better chance than others. It is therefore important that you screw up your courage when courage is needed. Second, the impairment of part of her senses did not prevent her from learning: on the contrary, she had made continual efforts to go deeper into the realm of knowledge, and her perseverance had thus helped her overcome many handicaps. Third, she advised that we should make the most of our sense organs as if we would lose them soon because this way we would observe the world more carefully than ever before.③+ `# d/ @9 \  e& P

) ~5 a6 m# F! O+ O$ n3 V" c, s  The book is inspiring in that it is one brimming over with the unbending will of a gallant woman beset with seemingly insurmountable difficulties.④I hope I can be as courageous as she.
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  [227 words]4 E$ k* \# @+ B/ K4 X
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   行文点评
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  文章第一句直接切入主题:The Story of My Life by Helen Keller is the most influential book in my life。接下来,对书和主人公进行了简要介绍。第二段从三个方面具体说明该书对作者的影响和启示。三个副词first、second、third之后,分别从面对困难、坚忍不拔、和珍惜我们的感官三个方面阐述了这本书对读者的影响。最后一段进行概括性说明。
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. q; E3 D4 [# k' f" M  文章字斟句酌,第一段运用abound with这个固定搭配指出作者认为这本书对其影响最大的原因,即courage, struggle and faith。行文过渡自然,第一段中用furthermore进行第二点补充,实现了句与句之间的衔接,丰富了内容,保证了全文的连贯性。结尾处as... as的运用,与首段主题句相互照应,深化了主题,为短文画上了圆满的句号。
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9 J9 A2 q5 ]0 r3 C1 m0 @   好文妙译
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  对我一生影响最大的书
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# z! O. R3 \: H. S) g9 D" l  海伦·凯勒所著的《我生活的故事》是对我一生影响最大的一本书。此书全篇充满了勇气,奋斗和信仰。海伦·凯勒童年时曾经一度十分消沉,但是最后她决定克服自己生理上的缺陷快乐地生活。并且她还充满耐心地完成了漫长而艰难的学习过程。
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) k# B; S$ b% E: l& g2 a  最重要的是,从她的经历中,我领悟到了三个道理。首先,她教给我通往成功之路的真谛即要经常勇敢地面对艰难困苦。或许你一生下来身体就有缺陷,但是你依然可以获得比别人更好的机会。因此重要的是在需要勇气时鼓起自己的勇气。第二,她感官上的某些缺陷并没有阻止她学习,相反,她却持之以恒努力钻研知识,正是这种坚韧不拔的精神帮助她克服了很多障碍。第三,她建议我们应该充分利用我们的感官,就好像我们马上就要失去他们一样,因为这样我们就会比以前更仔细地观察这个世界。
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  这本书催人奋进,全篇洋溢着一个勇敢的女人在被一些看似不可能克服的困难困扰时所表现出来的不屈的精神。希望我也可以和她一样的勇敢。2 D2 k& y. }5 E0 c

- m! z0 x% l. U   词汇斟酌
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  under an ill star 生来不幸
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2 ?6 D6 k$ Y, u  impairment n. 损害, 损伤% `* v0 V" |: b5 Q4 i( h; f" |
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  brim v. 充满,溢出0 M! [, Z' s) V! [1 i8 ~9 N$ r( N

/ ^( J9 T# R- e, I& A: Z  gallant a. 英勇的
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2 G8 \& s2 @; b4 H  insurmountable a.不能克服的; [3 v8 i3 ]8 O" `/ s

, H' m$ R/ b: f$ n   佳句临摹
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' [1 i! H" G6 x4 c  ①【注释】abound with充满* n/ P3 A; j( I4 M  r5 K, |4 m

; K$ t' |4 j% ^( w  【临摹】The region abounds with rain all the year around.那个地区终年多雨。
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  ②【注释】above all首先,最重要的是* W! `& K# g" r5 W; P
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  【临摹】I should like to rent a house - modern, comfortable and above all in a quiet location.我想租一幢房子——要求设备现代化、舒适,尤其是地段要清净。
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9 i1 I" Z! Q4 q/ h  J  ③【注释】make most of sth充分利用,最大限度利用# q5 @! \8 e* G/ ^- ~

$ O# w% t8 q- `) ~3 S  【临摹】We should make the most of our resources without wasting.我们应该充分利用资源不要浪费。
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* e* W/ B/ o. Q2 g, T: e0 H1 V4 a9 g0 u# Z  ④【注释】brim over with充满,洋溢
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  【临摹】We won the foot game just now, so all of us are brimming over with joy.我们刚刚赢了足球比赛,大家都兴高采烈。9 Z( N; f) i. Z! i5 D

7 L1 X8 m3 j: }( R4 j& o3 F; w1 K  【临摹】We brim over with sympathy after she told us her sad story.她告诉我们她的悲苦身世后,我们对她深表同情。
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   思如泉涌
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0 ?5 h! f* Q# ~6 ^4 c: A! [6 _# |  Books and friends should be few but good.读书如交友,但求少而精。
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/ @! w5 A: N" `2 Q- t, m  Use a book as a bee does a flower.对待书籍,要像蜜蜂对待花朵一样。
发表于 2012-8-22 17:24:29 | 显示全部楼层

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英语四级备考作文范文:学习——一生的事业
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就像植物需要阳光,我们对知识充满了渴求。学习伴随我们成长,让我们感到充实,让我们更加了解生活,让我们能够用所学去帮助别人。你的学习旅程是怎样的?
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3 v, Q* ]& b$ D' V' I   Learning: a Lifelong Career 6 m/ h$ D1 ?$ \$ F' p+ S

7 M' Q! j4 {; c$ e4 B# p- k  As food is to the body, so is learning to the mind.①Our bodies grow and muscles develop with the intake of adequate nutritious food. Likewise, we should keep learning day by day to maintain our keen mental power and expand our intellectual capacity. Constant learning supplies us with inexhaustible fuel for driving us to sharpen our power of reasoning, analysis, and judgment.② Learning incessantly is the surest way to keep pace with the times in the information age, and reliable warrant of success in times of uncertainty.
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  Once learning stops, vegetation sets in. It is a common fallacy to regard school as the only workshop for the acquisition of knowledge. On the contrary, learning should be a never ending process, from the cradle to the grave. With the world changing so fast, to cease learning for just a few days will make a person lag behind. What’ s worse, the animal instinct dormant deep in our sub-conscious will come to life, weakening our will to pursue our noble ideas, undermining our determination to sweep away obstacles to our success and strangling our desire for the refinement of our character. Lack of learning will inevitably lead to the stagnation of the mind, or even worse, its fossilization.③ Therefore, to stay mentally young, we have to take learning as a lifelong career.- y2 X9 \& f- h$ D

9 o6 u( o4 c) n6 X  [224 words]4 v, i/ Q0 \1 Y8 O$ |$ e" l
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   行文点评 & S1 }: E3 L8 H

% O+ w# t8 k1 x* h9 @  本文首先从正面论证主题,首句点题,并通过对首句的解释进一步说明终生学习的意义。之后作者结合时代变化的特征,用the surest way以及reliable warrant说明了持续学习的现实意义。第二段作者从反面来论证自己的观点,说明停止学习会导致的严重后果。最后用therefore引出全文的结束语,再次重申观点,并与文章题目相呼应。
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! K9 [2 n( t5 b9 b  本文开篇引用As...is to..., so is... to... 的经典句型开门见山,将学习对心智的重要性比作食物对身体的重要性,生动形象。行文流畅,并能结合时代特征;首尾呼应,画龙点睛。
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; y; D3 E. {1 U+ Q5 N) ~   好文妙译 1 {, O' a7 h1 s. ~% F0 W& z, V

5 t! e) z3 U9 t" r; G+ ~# J  学习:一生的事业+ |! C) {* H& l/ Y1 C6 c. D" R3 `

- J4 \' A6 Q; K! U3 J: F6 L  学习之于心智,就像食物之于身体一样。摄取了适量的营养食物,我们的身体得以生长而肌肉得以发达。同样地,我们应该日复一日不断地学习以保持我们心智的敏锐,并增长我们的智力。不断的学习像是为我们的前进提供了用之不尽的能量,驱使我们磨砺自身推理、分析和判断的能力。持续的学习是在信息时代中与时俱进的最稳妥的方法,也是在无常变化的时代中求得成功的可靠保证。& q: c, t$ ?& N/ ?" i
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  一旦学习停止,单调贫乏的生活就开始了。视学校为汲取知识的惟一场所是种常见的谬误。相反,从生到死,学习应该是一种无终止的历程。由于世界变化日新月异,学习过程停顿几天,就会使人落后。而更为糟糕的是,蛰伏在我们潜意识深处的动物本能就会**,削弱我们追求高尚理想的意志,弱化我们扫除成功障碍的决心,并且扼杀我们净化自身人格的追求。缺少学习将不可避免地导致心智的停滞,甚至更糟,使其僵化。因此,为了保持青春永驻,我们必须将学习当作一生的事业。! j4 T3 L+ T3 |# k8 Y- x% Z
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   词汇斟酌
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1 j9 a1 c3 ~' W9 X% g1 A8 J, C  inexhaustible a. 无穷无尽的
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  incessantly ad. 不断地,不停地) k0 b2 ^- n) }

' C0 G4 D( Q# A0 e  warrant n. 授权令,(正当)理由,根据;vt. 证明…是正当的  b5 g( g; x% ^( {

6 \$ O+ R5 c1 s- x: i  fallacy n.谬误,谬论, m: }  q2 b. ~5 j2 V& A. f/ J; r
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  cradle n. 摇篮,发源地
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9 H( i! r5 ?8 T# ^' D3 Q  dormant a. 蛰伏的,休止的,匿名的# G9 ^/ O- s' h
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  undermine vt. 暗中破坏,逐渐削弱;侵蚀…的基础
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  strangle v. 扼杀,抑制,压制
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4 S9 l8 O" D! f  stagnation n. 停滞  n# m, A; q0 `# @7 b+ S' Q  v

7 h( V) M5 k- A- R$ \8 i. H5 H  fossilize vt. 使成化石,使陈腐
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   佳句临摹 : \2 t, [, L8 [: Q4 m# _/ |
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  ①【注释】As A is to B, so is C to D . A之于B就如同C之于D一样2 G3 B9 N3 w8 i* u; j

2 x' K6 T: p5 [, @9 n/ Q1 A+ G+ ^  【临摹】As water is to the fish, so is book to the human being.书之于人类就如同水之于鱼。
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  ②【注释】本句用了比喻的手法将fuel“燃料”比做能量,使行文更加生动,比喻法是写作中的常用手法,为文章增色添加亮点。
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* n4 ~: a2 `* e6 y; n0 r  【临摹】He doesn’t have an idea of his own. He just parrots what other people say.他没有自己的观点,只会鹦鹉学舌。
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  ③【注释】or even worse 或甚至更糟糕,这是一种递进的表达方法。7 x8 Z6 C! S/ Q  ^. w
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  【临摹】Some people lived in a completely wrong way: they waste money and time, and even worse, they don’t realize their mistakes yet. 有些人以一种极为错误的方式活着,他们浪费着金钱和时间。更为糟糕的是,他们还没有认识到他们做错了。
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  We believe that out of the schools grows a nation’s greatness.我们认为,一个民族的伟大出自于她的学校教育。, |( C# ^  S2 ]8 t  v# f% z
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  There is no royal road to learning. 书山有路勤为径,学海无涯苦作舟。
发表于 2012-8-22 17:25:08 | 显示全部楼层

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这个正好有着。。。谢谢。。
发表于 2012-8-24 08:30:09 | 显示全部楼层

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大学学费来源
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Part I Writing (30 minutes)
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$ _) ^" N7 {  o& C: B2 L3 a  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Students’ Driving to School. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below.  I6 S+ J# p0 S# M# F. G
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  Who Should Pay the University’s Tuition?
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. F3 H* A* |- }5 p$ [0 K* g  1. 大学学费不断上涨,有人认为大学学费应由学生自己赚取,有人认为应由父母供给。  C% u6 k4 h2 Y. G1 E

% n' k$ |7 o" V' [' m; c0 ~  2. 作为大学生,谈谈你自己的观点,并给出理由。
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  【范文】+ R. Y( V; O2 `; U8 w

2 V# I* c, c7 [* h$ G# J3 q; F6 T  University education plays an important role in a person’s career since it offers people more opportunities. With the rising of university’s tuition, hot discussions have arisen about who should pay the university’s tuition. Some say students should pay fees by themselves as they pay for their own life. Some think that tuition fees should be paid by their parents because that amount of money is beyond students’ ability.
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! _9 \, Y+ }% i! _# g2 E  m9 G9 t" N  As far as I am concerned, I think parents should pay part of the fees while university students bear the rest part. It is true that trying to make money will affect university students’ studies. But doing part-time jobs will help them gain working experience, learn more of society as well as realize the importance of saving money. Most importantly, it helps to lighten financial burdens of parents.
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, Q# ~/ x' h; `4 ^8 o3 m: Q$ F  【点评】
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$ j8 B+ I; _+ Z3 v' g" k$ |  文章第一段开门见山,指出关于谁支付大学学费的不同意见。第二段说明自己的观点----希望父母和孩子共同承担学费,这样有助于减轻家庭负担,学生也有机会通过社会实践获取更多社会经验。% C0 S- @7 z6 {& O& ~( p0 G

: G0 ^4 A7 f7 M1 n$ v  第一段中With the rising of university’s tuition意为“随着大学学费的上涨”;be beyond one’ s ability意为“超出某人的能力范围”。第二段中gain working experience意为 “获取社会经验”;lighten financial burdens意为“减轻经济负担”。
发表于 2012-9-13 11:51:01 | 显示全部楼层

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四级作文预测及范文:曲线就业, ], D% R! j. [2 G
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Part I Writing (30 minutes)1 L7 m# G) z2 u. i3 s3 |

/ h8 @3 H/ T+ f4 KDirections: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Students’ Driving to School. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below.0 d0 B  k, K; w$ c  S% X

. U7 z0 x% O2 KIndirect Employment* x" O' n- `3 E& j$ J
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1. 工作难找,大学生流行“曲线就业”,通过实习或做一些杂活积累社会经验。9 |3 @6 ]( |' C' w5 i1 E
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2. 你对此有什么看法?1 _7 t6 I2 o: Q4 l

5 l- }( _- f( r【范文】
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5 i( ~) Q7 J# s; Z* iConfronting the more and more severe employment situation, university graduates have tried indirect employment for finding ways out. Instead of getting good jobs, they try to gain social experience by doing internships or taking in some social activities./ A5 m) ~9 Y, U' y' Y: y1 y
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I am completely in favor of taking indirect employment. Firstly, it can not only relieve employment pressure, but also let students gain new knowledge and practical experience which can’t be gotten from books. Secondly, it benefits students a lot since it helps them to realize clearly what their real potentials are, and in which kind of jobs they really show interests. Last but not the least, it improves university students’ social skills, qualifications and personal qualities, which are the main factors for their future jobs
发表于 2012-9-13 11:56:10 | 显示全部楼层

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志愿者活动
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9 E4 E/ Q) \5 M. r1 ePart I  Writing (30 minutes)# ~7 U- }4 g! g; f% c8 k
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Directions:   For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On Volunteering activities. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:# m7 g3 J6 p1 e8 l3 }8 K. h

- m' u6 e8 X/ Z% D& Q" l/ B   1、越来越多的人从事志愿者工作5 t/ J! N$ a' Y$ v
  
; N. @" J8 O/ l   2、志愿者工作的社会意义
& r9 c- T! N4 p4 G5 V. T   " J  d1 N2 v7 h: U  `! q
   3、作为大学生,应该怎么做( o' q1 d" v9 |" \1 N
  
5 y. Q; W) K; u9 ^- R" _, {3 @   范文:
9 ]% h; p7 r* K& L' K  
$ V( O5 ?% m8 V9 u9 N   In recent years, the volunteering spirit has spread among the Chinese people, especially among youngsters. According to a survey, in 2008, there were about 1,700,000 volunteers who offered service for Olympic Games. Actually, an increasing number of people become volunteers every year in China.
, _- g, ~6 ^; r7 n0 j, d   * c0 k" K8 W+ ~/ K, t
   Volunteering actions are of tremendous benefits to both those in need and the society. Olympic Games are a good example. As is known to all, volunteers played an active role in Beijing Olympic Games. Without them, it would be a tough task to hold this un-precedent Olympic Games. Therefore, we can say that it was those volunteers who ensured the success of these games.9 ?8 ?  a4 @) V# Q% w/ ^! ^
   3 f1 S& C6 Z7 m  @9 t' j
As modern college students, we should get actively involved in volunteering activities. By participating, we can learn how to work well in a team, how to improve our interpersonal skills and organizational ability. Undoubtedly, all of these are critical for our person growth. So, we should take this chance to learn and to grow.  (161words)
发表于 2012-9-13 12:14:15 | 显示全部楼层

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培训学校 
+ J: G7 D& i' b& q& {( _1 z  # _1 d7 m% F' K  P
   Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Private School?You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below in Chinese:" s. d9 s' K: N' }
* z: `9 F, Q1 _* ]' L% Y
   1.当前,社会上有很多私立学校和培训学校;: }* ?5 y2 A: \3 B- Q
   ; B. K4 ^! N5 l, d3 m* P
   2.私立学校的利与弊
6 _! ^: y* @6 U/ a9 x0 o% I, d  
9 l  c* y( F& |; W   3.你的看法
5 T$ H1 E& G( S3 Q   , @; d+ h' c' A, h. C
   范文:
0 N* y0 F! }$ c) o2 Q+ I8 E  
; S: o6 _2 M/ B" k4 A+ |   It can be noticed that a large number of private schools or training organizations become a new landscape in education. When you read newspapers, when you watch TV, when you walk on the road, you will inevitably see lots of advertisements about private schools. There are private schools mainly dealing with foreign languages, computers, music and sports.' u- K5 r# r3 W  C; Y
  
% Y* E9 M5 ]$ _- V6 H   However, is it a good or bad thing to have so many private schools? As a coin has two sides, so are the private schools. On the one hand, private schools can meet the special needs of the society or the particular requirements of people. On the other hand, they often bring people extra burden because of comparison and competition.
2 |4 A8 W8 `: I5 I7 y   " f& a+ O/ D5 r; g4 ]; h
   When asked to decide whether we should have a society without private schools or a society with private schools, I will not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. Although attending a training course will result in the extra cost or burden, it is of tremendous merits in preparing my work and cultivating my skills
发表于 2012-9-13 12:14:31 | 显示全部楼层

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明星代言   $ I' d" t9 K  Y; F$ G8 B
   Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Celebrities as the products’ spokesmen?You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
8 x7 M7 r' S. A
9 d" M' p/ b4 M3 [$ g
( E1 _5 c# M3 I/ H9 W8 c   1、明星代言现象很普遍。+ E: n: |" ]. G( t+ z
   $ x% g, b% g  {" y$ N4 ?! j
   2、明星代言广告存在一些问题。+ I4 i3 v! ?! @: t
  
# f6 C5 |' s! j9 T8 {   3、我的看法。
" \3 ]6 Y5 v: l! i   ) s  _0 I" I$ b4 d
   Celebrities as the products’ spokesmen' C& |6 U: O" i. s7 ]& I" D
  
8 s( h3 S6 H/ @2 w$ C; v   In the contemporary society, it is very common for celebrities, or the so-called superstars, to be spokesmen or representatives for a wide variety of products. Celebrities’ advertisements can be easily found on the Internet, televisions, newspapers, magazines and even on the walls of some buildings.! W1 U8 E) V6 P9 Y# u- ]- G- }  x1 y
   ) X1 R5 @, A, C! E9 }) u  m$ H
   There are, however, some problems for celebrities and the consumers. To begin with, before representing, a star may know nothing about the product. Thus, consumers may be misled. Even worse, for the sake of money, some stars advertise for items with low quality, even for fake commodities. In the case of Sanlu, the public image of stars involved was spoiled. Last but not least, the high income of advertising does not deserve their labor, which widens the gap between the poor and the rich.! E/ ]9 f5 n* g7 \# g* V
   5 F' I1 @- {# L3 l# D
   From my point of view, it is high time that measures were taken to eliminate the demerits. Firstly, laws should be worked out to regulate celebrities’ advertising. Secondly, stars should be required to tell the truth to the public. Only by doing so can stars be trusted by their fans and can consumers benefit.(183)
& C0 Z/ {% E- D5 }8 w1 k( D' e" M7 c  
. O, Y, t0 {5 r& ?( N7 N7 }, {   注:字数稍微有点多了,请大家看着自己酌情删减吧
发表于 2012-9-13 12:15:30 | 显示全部楼层

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如何选择就业  
+ D, H1 A( V- R0 T& M2 o* d- H" |2 z5 I$ V0 N
   Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Choosing an occupation. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below in Chinese:/ ^- K1 B6 K! T" Z  e4 j9 Z

* K3 J( p0 l  I) a2 Z4 c0 j) }   1、职业的选择很重要
' r$ ?& {7 y7 i  
& ?9 X* o# }& w8 t) n: R- R   2、如何明智的选择自己的职业: ^5 M6 y" z' o( P) W: n3 z7 E* d
  
6 g+ {- P/ Q  J6 i+ k   3、你的职业选择。& ~# ]# C% s* G3 v
   9 U. k9 u' c6 {# p3 q
   Every individual faces the problem of choosing an occupation after graduating from university, which is of great importance in one’s whole life. An appropriate occupation makes a man work with vigor and zest. Besides, it is beneficial for both the individual and the country.
, @( g0 e. k  |7 m   $ V/ j/ U' ~! M- U' C  g1 q
   To make an advisable choice, a graduate should take into account at least two aspects, namely, individual’ interest and the demand of the society. Only when the two aspects are connected, can a man show his ability and talent to the best advantage. If the two factors conflict, the former, in most cases, should give way to the latter, for it is interests that stimulate one’s vigor and potential.
4 Y8 z% U' w, j4 j5 p5 k     Y4 R: G6 C9 c; w$ i5 [, F
   In regard to my choice in the future, I want to work as an interpreter. I am keen on learning foreign languages, English in particular. Moreover, in the contemporary society, international exchange in economy and culture has been growing significantly. However, competent interpreters are far from enough. So I am determined to be a qualified interpreter.(169)' a2 w& T9 r3 D5 c
  
9 I. ^$ }  ~2 x/ a" M   注:这回收住手了,刚好满足六级的要求150字左右。稍微有点超了,四级考生请适度删减
发表于 2012-9-13 14:18:13 | 显示全部楼层

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作文预测:付钱让孩子做家务/ c& G& _( K8 M0 O2 E- Z# Y! J
! I+ ~7 K2 R" c# e/ |
Part I Writing (30 minutes)
! Z; B8 u( `& Z4 v6 n& X6 _0 D- F0 ^+ A& K: ~  t. V
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Paying Kids for Chores? You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below.3 x2 h! _# `, O5 H, V0 {/ v
" K! j9 R& R# Z
  1. 现在有不少家长付钱让孩子做家务: ?! a% J5 s& C9 l

: Z& ]+ D" G0 [  ]+ ^: T  2. 有人对此赞成,也有人表示反对. ~- [% i, C; V$ I; `* U$ Z1 J/ D( t- q

* T3 U( R- s: f3 r% Y  3. 我的看法/ T0 P. l. y* w. F

5 s! n( A5 b% M. b& ]  Paying Kids for Chores?! m0 Z7 D. G' |* Z! X$ l6 p' X

- K, ?, c! T6 _& S' z  Part I Writing
" |. W4 B5 ?% L& E
5 B+ Y7 B, U  L0 s' _0 U  【参考范文一】
" G4 M/ J( D  Z5 @' u
. Y( j& l! j2 u1 R+ q# J  Paying Kids for Chores?# b, x' R7 h* D" o% L
  K: N+ `: K% z# v8 D" ]( D
  A rising proportion of parents pay their children to do chores around the house nowadays. For example, some parents will give their kids allowances if they clean the room, do laundry, set the table, or prepare simple food for the family.
; X' I. d) H2 u5 `% Y( k: g) L) H
( p7 a2 u/ z/ q  m  People differ on whether parents should pay their kids for doing housework. Supporters say tying kids’ allowances to housework is a good way to teach kids accountability and responsibility. It also helps children learn about money and how it works. But critics of this approach say children should do routine housework for free. The reason is simple: chores are part of a family, and everyone does chores.& @+ I% I$ c% `. f* N
' b5 Z6 {1 @7 M
  Personally, I don’t think parents should adopt the pay-for-work view. Paying kids to help out sends the wrong massage: they are entitled to freely have everything parents provide for them while the contributions they make to the family have to be paid for. It risks creating teenagers who would worship money and who are likely to drive a hard bargain just to take out the garbage
发表于 2012-9-13 15:13:01 | 显示全部楼层

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大学里应独自生活
& N0 a; I+ v7 Q  ]' O' q5 B8 I& h
& G/ m. j9 [. W: E- g1 FPart I Writing
/ R. o+ W* R9 w1 b* w' B4 s+ I' Z9 N1 p. }" `1 [: I
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled College Students on the Job Market. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.( b$ q; B* u7 K: m! j8 N- V; u

8 b0 m  k% n1 u4 }6 b- S" K  1. 有人认为大学里应独自生活
9 y2 f$ ]1 H. e; p. [- h# p$ n, ]" P: H+ I! F, u
  2. 另一些认为大学里应与别人同住5 L* ~8 r" I) P% D% O8 A, r- I

; r3 m  N9 |1 |+ L0 ^  3. 你的看法) G- J3 u4 A9 b$ b; b' q9 k4 c3 x# E3 m
- ]/ c% q' Z' Z, O5 j9 C( R3 _
Living alone or Living with Roommates
0 E, Q5 q( q# i* l& K+ X# e
  ~  W+ v7 r% W0 r  n9 l  Nowadays, there has appeared a heated discussion (有激烈的讨论)among the college students as to whether they should live off campus(住在校外) or live together with other roommates in the students’ dormitory. Opinions vary from person to person.
& ?  D. S: ~' z4 p( w! n: g + [9 G, y# H/ a: A
, @' J( z1 r& V( Z& J+ B
  Those who are in favor of (支持)Living alone maintain (主张,认为)that it is very convenient to live by themselves. They can enjoy absolute freedom (享受充分的自由)in a room of their own(属于他们自己的). They can have their own timetable (时间表)without disturbing(打扰) others. But others argue that living with roommates has attractions of its own. With several students sharing (共有)the same room, each person’s experiences can be greatly enriched(极大的丰富). They can learn a lot from talking to each other. Moreover,by learning to tolerate (忍受)the differences between individuals, they can become more mature(成熟的).
6 N+ E  e. @: k
3 k  g& _$ C' }) O4 H/ g* p
8 g" s1 g* U7 Q  R0 M* C, ^& f: K' B- k% K& [
   As far as I’m concerned, I prefer to live with roommates because I love the sense of belonging(归属感). Besides, live in a dorm can help save a large sum of money(节约很多钱) .last but not least,living on campus can help me save a great deal of time on the way between dwelling and school(住处和学校), which means that I can concentrate more time and energy on(将更多的时间和精力集中于) my studies.
发表于 2012-9-13 16:39:31 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2012-9-13 16:44:37 | 显示全部楼层

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作文预测及范文:参考书+ V7 b$ a8 c/ p- q) Z4 E

2 b. Q+ r, a6 u8 h- N$ @) XDirections: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How to Make Full Use of Reference Books. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:8 Y) M$ x& g+ v) C9 {: D9 Z

5 A3 E. I/ O6 A! y5 Q# s  1)参考书泛滥已成为师生共同关注的问题
5 h) v) o$ x  Q8 D: D7 O( k# s# E* j' A4 D$ r( Y. p
  2)参考书泛滥带来了哪些影响
/ }5 ~! N& o# v8 V6 X# C
5 Q# x0 z" t/ t/ }5 E* i  3)作为大学生,应该如何正确选择和使用参考书
: b  b/ y2 @# F# p+ ~
( s+ l! L* b! b8 P  【思路点拨】7 `' z( d4 T" |. M" P; M  L

7 e1 F/ L3 v* g& ^, m+ A  本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第1点提 出一个问题,提纲第2点要求分析该问题带来的影响,提纲第3点要 求说明如何解决该问题,由此可判断本文应为问题解决型作文。
( r" ^, K) i7 ^  R! {) S
9 @* K: o2 ?! x6 x2 x& l) N2 L1 Z  根据所给提纲,本文应包含如下内容:描述参考书泛滥的现象;分析参考书泛滥带来的不良影响;从大学 生的角度说明应该如何正确选择和使用参考书。% c: i, h7 l. q- b' w( O
  \& @) @! e$ |$ N- \# s+ l( }
  How to Make Full Use of Reference Books
7 J8 z1 ?; n: E& G3 E1 ]; q
: Q) M# n, k' O$ k2 d  Nowadays reference books have become a problem of great concern for both teachers and students. There are many kinds of reference books available in the book market. A smarter use of these books is certainly beneficial, but the misuse and overuse of them may cause a lot of problems.
8 ^" J5 Z) U* {; @5 J# U6 X4 a1 F* P3 X6 O4 L
  First of all, teaching reference books might make the students less attentive in class. Armed with reference books, many students may think that they know what the teacher is going to talk about. So they may not listen to the teacher in class at all. Secondly, some students rely on the reference books too much, which is unfavorable to the improvement of their ability to work out the solutions for themselves. Thirdly, there are some reference books with many mistakes, which might mislead students.$ r5 u; F; K; i

- J8 A9 s! f3 Y7 A& B! G6 f0 m  Considering the above-mentioned, we should be careful in selecting and using references books. Firstly, we should check the contents of the book carefully but not only pay attention to the brand of publishing house. In addition, we can turn to the recommendation of teachers and students around us. Besides, reference books are just an assistant, so we shouldn’t rely on them too much. Only in this way can we make full use of reference books.
发表于 2012-9-13 17:13:30 | 显示全部楼层

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作文预测及范文:带薪休假  [* N% h- ?( n; R4 ~/ L$ I

# ^* M/ x9 l9 m/ _* jPart ⅠWriting(30 minutes)* J' b6 d& v' s9 m. c+ N3 |$ k
; D9 c/ ?+ H  v8 M  D1 S! v5 P
  Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On Chinese Workers-Paid Holidays. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:- M* M7 p& z. {$ W( w# P

$ B( t& y* i. C4 f3 n' Z  1. 有人认为“带薪休假”有很多好处……8 C9 F1 J# a' F6 V0 }% g( |

; m8 t8 ^4 @, h6 ~+ l6 H7 G  2. 有人认为“带薪休假”落到实处很难' w, |# }8 H' Y  d; D4 v4 M( ^
# ]2 G4 n# d) h- x8 E! j! C, R
  3. 你的观点及建议" A$ U6 x1 S6 L$ Q6 c4 a5 g

& q! A7 I: }5 S3 ^/ t9 F  l) Z, p  【参考范文】
8 N& I& K: @" P+ y: F) [9 G: k0 M" j/ O7 y0 O! m2 `2 K+ X, e
  Part ⅠWriting
: s3 J" X' W  R* P) F' s7 K" E
& ?7 y# c- u, Y; W% j  On Chinese Workers’Paid Holidays! S8 F) }! R4 e! A
4 r) T, x4 _. ^5 I+ w
  In 2007, the Chinese government released a draft that all employees of government organs, civil organizations, enterprises, and public-service institutions are entitled to take paid vacation after serving the same employer for one year. Some have sufficient faith that the paid holidays will improve the current tourism pattern. The new holiday scheme will give people more choices to make their holiday plans and thus it will greatly alleviate the pressure of transportation departments, security bodies, shopping malls,ect. during the current holiday boom.' q, k9 w0 F7 v3 P. W6 ~

) ^# T, Q- y* n7 z0 k/ [4 ^: S  Other people wonder if the new system will be available. It is likely to be a dream to have a paid holiday. Because the problem is that many people don’t dare to take long vacations. Competition is fierce. Nobody can afford a long holiday and leave the boss with an impression of not working as hard as others.- r$ F- G4 }4 O

* R8 ~' X; g# O: C+ J  For me, I think it is necessary for, in future, the state to issue a regulation concerning Chinese workers-paid holidays. Stregthen the employers’ sense of the paid holidays. If they did so voluntarily, it will attract and retain employees. With these measures, it is expected that more employees in China are entitled to receive holiday pay for time off.
发表于 2012-9-13 17:18:14 | 显示全部楼层

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范文:私立学校和培训学校& h5 U1 z- ~* Q& [/ N& g
* @2 a4 O% u6 J/ H, `3 ?- Y
Private Schools and Training Schools
6 X- F0 c% ~1 B
5 V3 F% P& v% r- @0 r  1.现在,社会上存在着各种各样的私立学校和培训学校
' A- `- `' @2 {1 j0 N6 {
8 G3 e! `/ I7 h2 k0 A  2.私立学校和培训学校的存在有利有弊
  [. v' U7 Y0 G5 ~2 f) ?8 C% Y5 [9 v% \' ^
  【精彩范文】
* n: D& l; R: D- d( [) L4 ?% f( a# S4 W# b% x6 @. S- `+ T3 q- `+ J
  Private Schools and Training Schools
! E1 S: @9 S4 u8 v( P) y. H$ H/ Q  R1 {  V! w$ p" M
  Education determines the destiny of individuals and of a nation. That’s why China has experienced tremendous boom in education amid its 3-decade reform and opening campaign. Apart from universities and colleges rapidly expanding their scale, private schools and training schools have also mushroomed, attracting large number of students.
; i( e( M* |! }7 k3 Y( M7 Y
3 S% q, q5 _6 M$ Y/ [  Private schools and training schools have proliferated because they can considerably compensate for the deficiencies inherent in government-established institutions. They are closely geared to the changing demands for the talents valued by the labor market and are most sensitive to introduce adjustments, in keeping with those evolving needs. Without the rigid bureaucracy and executive interference usually associated with government-supported institutions, they are much more efficient in administration and in providing the kind of education catering to the individual needs of students.
. l! `# ?$ s3 _4 o% c
- n" d  E: [5 g) A, q% ~  However, those schools are not without their flaws. They are almost invariably driven by commercial purposes. The fees they charge are forbidding, disproportionate with the limited education and training they provide. They tend to lack standardized curriculum and the faculty there are of varying quality. The legitimate rights and interests of students cannot be fully guaranteed, especially when some of them go bankrupt. In view of all those possible negative consequences, it is all the more important that students choose the right school at the right time.# _: q, p: H: `8 ~
7 _! A4 v8 n# h$ q) e
  【参考译文】
2 Y9 r9 A2 v: ?2 c3 V# Y# c( h
  私立学校与培训学校
* l* _- L! G& v0 y3 ~9 Q8 k% x: B$ d) g" M7 e2 T9 r0 n
  教育决定着个人的命运,也决定着国家的命运,这就是为什么伴随着三十多年的改革开放运动,中国的教育事业经历了高度的繁荣。除了高等院校飞速地扩大其规模,私立学校与培训学校也似雨后春笋般地涌现,慕名而来的学生门庭若市。8 e- Y; A$ h0 n6 M% l

9 E! \  U* t% v  Z4 _- l  私立学校与培训学校之所以数量激增,因为它们在相当程度上弥补了官办学府所固有的某些不足之处。此类学校紧密地切合劳动力市场不断变化着的对有价值人才的需求,并且依据这些不断变化着的需求, 能敏锐地作出调整。没有了那些常常与官助学府相联系在一起的僵硬的官僚主义及行政干预,它们无论在教学管理方面, 还是在向学生提供可满足其个性需求的教育方面,都来得远为高效。
! c  C0 P0 z* D, n9 h. F" y) n7 ]* e2 `+ X9 j
  然则,此类学校也并非完美无缺。它们几乎毫无例外地都受着商业目的的驱动。它们收取的费用常常令人望而生畏,与它们所提供的有限的教学与培训不成比例。它们往往缺乏规范的课程设置,那里的师资也良莠不齐。学生们合法的权益无法获得充分的保障,尤其是当其中的一些学校关门倒闭的时候。鉴于所有这些有可能存在的负面后果,学生们在恰当的时机,选择恰当的学校,就显得尤为重要。! b+ j$ a) k- W& U
8 Y' K, M5 i* ~
  【值得熟记的句式与短语】
9 q9 I# O5 @& m$ E
3 k! J7 i$ o2 c8 S# X  S; V  1. the destiny of individuals and of a nation个人的命运和国家的命运4 w; R( R' `  R: B+ d
" A4 m, p% Z! g9 O
  2. tremendous boom高度的繁荣
& h. D+ c7 c* N$ y: F
# h, G: }0 S0 S. [  3. reform and opening campaign改革开放运动" _7 m5 R6 d6 H* N; K" v' b/ f
" @6 y' q# `+ o# B
  4. Apart from…除了……
' H+ n  v  n- K% a7 q1 T
' o. Z1 i; s! V. c$ a0 w  5. compensate for弥补
, A) Y. i* A+ r
$ e+ l* U% I( o: d* d  6. government-established institutions官办学校2 Z, \3 S' `" y* b* w$ Y, x$ G
+ Z, |; u2 A1 h2 e% {* Y9 g! Z/ z
  7. be geared to适应……的需要
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( J1 b0 b. |: o+ Y  8. be most sensitive to introduce adjustments能敏锐地做出调整
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7 m+ V$ t1 n0 f! A8 |  9. in keeping with与……协调;与一致
/ S: h7 c) C$ W+ B- I3 Q! h; F
/ N% B8 \8 N3 g7 q* {3 x  10. rigid bureaucracy and executive interference僵硬的官僚主义及行政干预
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' E, u7 f+ D+ O, B  11. cater to满足……的需要,迎合2 ]# l2 N2 d+ E+ E) {3 z

! F$ h3 i* y; M  \5 T! T% _  12. be driven by commercial purposes受着商业目的的驱动
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+ _" _" m+ n$ A  13. disproportionate with与……不成比例+ P$ X! o- Y0 \( r# ^9 \  f
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  14. be of varying quality良莠不齐9 w3 v- S. k1 d3 G  A. D& w( K
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  15. The legitimate rights and interests of students cannot be fully guaranteed学生们合法的权益无法获得充分的保障) z" z3 B. w. C+ e8 F9 q9 n

4 r. n% k  ~! Z$ Y  16. go bankrupt破产
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2 h# k+ ^) ]& r4 f% H" W( J  17. In view of all those possible negative consequences鉴于所有这些有可能存在的负面后果
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  18. all the more important愈加重要
发表于 2012-9-13 17:18:59 | 显示全部楼层

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优秀范文:旅游方式- H1 M0 R6 q$ O, G) r
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Modes of Travelling
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6 }' o/ G; k3 W3 Z- J% t' o  1.有人选择随团旅游,有人喜欢独自出游
! P8 ?$ L* i8 @
: K2 o, @8 y- J+ ^  L# M  2.随团旅游和独自出游的利与弊! Q8 l: `$ L0 ^0 ?: t2 g
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  3.对我而言,最佳的旅游方式是……2 M, V0 x2 P6 I! t4 D

4 V/ c( J# h% `! j  【精彩范文】, }: c+ o# E1 k! i; O; R
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  Modes of Travelling
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  College students, curious and energetic, love traveling; summer and winter vacations provide them with golden opportunities to travel. There are two major modes of travelling—traveling by oneself or traveling in a group organized by travel agencies.
/ r# Z  Q( e( @! R
0 D# S7 Y4 ?8 U! M1 A0 J1 i  Those two patterns offer different travel experiences, with respective advantages and disadvantages. For the solitary traveler, the greatest advantage is freedom. He is perfectly free to choose his itinerary and plan his schedules, thus he can visit whatever his curiosity leads him to and contemplate over a historical site or a cultural relic for as long as he desires. The trouble is he cannot share his perceptions and excitement with any partners. Moreover, it is time-consuming and difficult to buy train tickets and look for accommodations and in emergency situations an individual traveler is largely helpless. Those problems are non-existent for group travelers because travel agencies take care of everything. Within a group, people who used to be strangers soon become friends. However, the fixed itineraries and tight schedule prevent travelers from satiating their individual curiosities. In addition, tourists are often subjected to forced shopping by tour guides who are more concerned with securing commissions than providing services.6 K/ C; p. |; w9 a8 L% {9 u
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  My solution to these two imperfect modes of traveling is to travel with friends or classmates. This pattern incorporates most of their advantages while avoiding all their disadvantages. I am convinced this is the best and most sensible form of traveling which everybody should adopt.
. U7 O: ^- q. v: T. |2 a& x" B3 C( o  h2 I$ S( r% d
  【参考译文】' a) ?; H, v6 p. l, {  }; M/ Z

$ d2 c' |2 G. i1 J, l8 ?; e  不一而足的旅行模式
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  大学生好奇且好动,无不酷爱旅游,而寒假与暑假正好为他们提供了旅游的黄金机会。旅游有两种主要模式:独自出游,或随旅行社组团出游。6 Y3 Q3 ]) i* N- y/ ~+ X- \9 r
4 n7 J4 K$ m+ `* \+ T  F
  此两种模式会带来不尽相同的旅行体验,不乏各自的优缺点。对于孤身一人的旅行者来说,最大的优点是自由。他完全可以随心所欲地选择旅行线路,规划行程安排;这样,其兴致所至,必心满意足;面对一处处历史古迹或文物,尽可发思古之幽, 而全无时间之羁绊。问题在于,其感受与兴奋之情,无可与人分享。此外,购买火车票和夜间投宿,既耗时亦费神。一旦突发意外,单枪匹马的旅行者很大程度上孤立无助。所有这些问题对于随团出游者来说均不存在,因为旅行社会安排好一切。在旅行团内部,原来的陌生人旋即就可成为朋友。然则,固定的旅游线路以及仓促的行程,往往会使旅行者无法满足每个人独特的好奇心。此外,旅客也常常被导游逼迫着去作强制性购物,这些导游花在赚取佣金上的心思,远超过如何来为游客提供服务。
: a$ N* O( Y* a! T5 c
+ Y% R# e1 g# ~4 T  对于这两种不甚完美的旅行模式,我的解决之道是与朋友或同学结伴而游。此类模式可兼具上述两类模式的大多数优点,而避免它们的全部的缺点。我深信,这是最佳、最明智的旅行方式,所有人都应采用。
2 b/ T* F! y* d8 r) J8 y! F: [
! B2 p6 p0 M5 m! u9 K" p  【值得熟记的句式与短语】0 U6 J" {8 Y' Q, m

+ ?' j# N$ W' Q* z6 Y& H( D  1. provide sb. with sth.为某人提供某物' ?. L1 g) w) ]
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  2. mode/pattern/form模式、形式9 j1 R  l0 `/ H4 t8 R- k
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  3. solitary孤身一人的8 [% J. B" I$ U6 U! ^. A* B
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  4. in emergency situations突发意外
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  5. look for accommodations投宿9 ]7 n! _2 B* w- s
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  6. largely helpless很大程度上孤立无助
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  7. itinerary/travel旅行
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3 ?6 t+ O+ i0 S+ u" N7 l. w- V  8. visit whatever his curiosity leads him to其兴致所至,必心满意足, u0 M! v. e9 p
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  9. contemplate沉思
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  10. a historical site or a cultural relic历史古迹或文物" H6 O0 ]$ x+ w! C

% r7 \6 K& d4 P" U  H+ c1 b# B  11. share his perceptions and excitement with sb.与某人分享感受和兴奋之情
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  12. it is time-consuming and difficult to do sth.做某事既耗时亦费神
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  13. individual traveler单枪匹马的旅行者0 c  |8 k9 s% T) ?' p$ d! j  e9 p
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  14. group traveler随团出游者
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  15. be non-existent for sb.对某人不存在的& u/ }+ R- u) v$ H  Y' g& A, e6 ~
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  16. satiate使充分满足) n$ F0 N& F3 ^  Y; u' z- Z. p

) F, S3 l, \: [3 Q6 y  17. fixed itineraries and tight schedule固定的旅游线路以及仓促的行程9 m' A+ E9 F7 R" @1 Z
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  18. tourists are often subjected to forced shopping by tour guides旅客也常常被导游逼迫着去作强制性购物
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6 J8 L' t! l/ Y7 t  19. secure commissions赚取佣金
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) S3 d3 V2 d6 b. P) z- O  20. This pattern incorporates most of their advantages while avoiding all their disadvantages.此类模式可兼具上述两类模式的大多数优点,而避免它们的全部的缺点
发表于 2012-9-13 17:19:40 | 显示全部楼层

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thx 4 sharing; \. {: \5 ^$ r" M5 \% Z
发表于 2018-4-24 10:02:59 | 显示全部楼层

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