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[阅读] 英文原著Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays社会卫生讲座

HARDS   发表于 2018-9-20 10:38:29 | 显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式 | 跳转到指定楼层
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    英文原著Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays社会卫生讲座5 Z5 e+ J# T1 j/ e8 J& b
   
8 e) ?* Y, j4 {9 N0 W

0 ^" D" [5 g# ^- O3 t  I have been asked to speak a few words to you on a lady's work in a
, o& a) v# q0 R& [# v  country parish.I shall confine myself rather to principles than to details;, c. u5 _" m; q8 Z+ S6 \! N) J
  and the first principle which I would impress on you is,that we must all be+ n6 B- _; S: r0 Y0 Q: \# F
  just before we are generous.I must,indeed,speak plainly on this point.
( g) N: n- f8 Y/ m/ a. [* A; R  A woman's first duties are to her own family,her own servants.Be not
8 W% ]# ]/ v( u$ {9 A/ ]" a: r  deceived:if anyone cannot rule her own household,she cannot rule the1 G' \! C3 o6 }: I( T, X
  Church of God.If anyone cannot sympathise with the servants with whom& Z: f9 h& C( p
  she is in contact all day long,she will not really sympathise with the poor
3 _% O9 B6 o0 E  whom she sees once a week.I know the temptation not to believe this is+ \  w: `$ ?. e9 i7 A2 o
  very great.It seems so much easier to women to do something for the( A( s4 ~2 j' M/ Y
  poor,than for their own ladies'maids,and house-maids,and cooks.And! D% c- O) S1 v2 g. X+ w* A
  why?Because they can treat the poor as THINGS:but they MUST7 d" g- u) s4 f* m7 i. H
    英文原著Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays社会卫生讲座
( s  \2 r: W! b* h& ?: ~' H+ v; }  treat their servants as persons.A lady can go into a poor cottage,lay5 u1 h* q1 A, g1 v2 b3 w  S  I
  down the law to the inhabitants,reprove them for sins to which she has" O( [4 `9 O2 N$ ?* u3 Y
  never been tempted;tell them how to set things right,which,if she had the: v5 `& V/ b9 s8 R
  doing of them,I fear she would do even more confusedly and slovenly
7 |* r/ q' k* ~5 a) y  than they.She can give them a tract,as she might a pill;and then a shilling," ~, p9 n4 O0 f/ O0 ]. Y3 P3 H6 P
  as something sweet after the medicine;and she can go out again and see- V* J& N: H# q7 Q% F
  no more of them till her benevolent mood recurs:but with the servants it is
9 h* k# R9 a3 y; ^) v- ]  not so.She knows their characters;and,what is more,they know hers;
$ N6 W7 c8 K# G2 ?7 H/ o/ R  they know her private history,her little weaknesses.Perhaps she is a/ E9 V* b, ?( x( ^
  little in their power,and she is shy with them.She is afraid of beginning
' V2 K! p" @) |% }. m3 V2 ~* Q* s  a good work with them,because,if she does,she will be forced to carry it
  \) {* k& N' w) F' T( \. ~4 {  out;and it cannot be cold,dry,perfunctory,official:it must be hearty,
  [2 P* u4 H$ _& `  |3 \, |& o4 ~  living,loving,personal.She must make them her friends;and perhaps
! ~; X0 H+ H9 X! D9 t8 G; {, u5 P  she is afraid of doing that,for fear they should take lib**ies,as it is called-+ E& f$ h. Z  E# t& U
  -which they very probably will do,unless she keeps up a very high
5 c8 H" n8 D5 X5 A. a  standard of self-restraint and earnestness in her own life--and that; J& |* d2 L1 r. `+ F
  involves a great deal of trouble,and so she is tempted,when she wishes toSanitary and Social Lectures and Essays1 W$ q; r9 p$ U6 Q" m) ^5 z$ d
    英文原著Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays社会卫生讲座. ]7 ?" J/ q) W% f9 L+ Y2 |3 E) W
  that most excellent institution--a swimming-bath.A paper,moreover,* u2 g$ A8 c! m
  read before the London Association of School-mistresses in 1866,on! V/ H+ B' G' {( o! a
  "Physical Exercises and Recreation for Girls,"deserves all attention.& z' N& K5 O" D5 P
  May those who promote such things prosper as they deserve.
1 A) ~2 s$ D* T% s  {9}Lecture delivered at Bristol,October 5,1857.
" k7 M, K6 v8 R2 u3 s2 h$ ~  {10}This was spoken during the Indian Mutiny.
  C0 g2 h% F5 j* T  {11}Speech in behalf of Ladies'Sanitary Association.Delivered at: U7 z! ^2 ~; t+ h; J6 P5 O
  St.James's Hall,London,1859.1 w0 ^2 h$ s0 ?4 }+ x, |
  {12}Fraser's Magazine,No.CCCXXXVII.1858.
& Q8 _% }9 c! R0 A2 x   ! l; O) w, i$ G3 H' A

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英文原著Sanitary and Social Lectures and Essays社会卫生讲座  N+ _: W1 ?* h5 ~* y
  {13}We find a most honourable exception to this rule in a sermon7 n. k' S% g9 _) V. K- F
  by the Rev.C.Richson,of Manchester,on the Sanitary Laws of the Old( E: |+ ?  G0 a* _% Y8 x
  Testament,with notes by Dr.Sutherland.
4 E9 D8 b" T3 C; q6 S
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