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[资料分享] SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗

HARDS   发表于 2018-10-11 17:11:36 | 显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式 | 跳转到指定楼层
59 1
SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗
* X5 z% W7 H0 N+ |1 G0 s% M4 [8 G$ F

  W/ m6 P. `2 U  B! n  Jean Baptiste Poquelin,better known by his stage name of Moliere,: u6 P$ t# E7 M. E7 }
  stands without a rival at the head of French comedy.Born at Paris in
2 ^5 s. s2 @  q+ s7 l% R5 j  January,1622,where his father held a position in the royal household,he2 j; P) `9 n, ~6 q9 `6 |* G
  was educated at the Jesuit College de Clermont,and for some time studied! d3 j8 S) V- _# ]9 o3 h3 d5 ~
  law,which he soon abandoned for the stage.His life was spent in Paris
7 V0 T5 z0 i8 i: ?1 b0 n7 V  and in the provinces,acting,directing performances,managing theaters,
/ H+ u1 H2 V1 X  and writing plays.He had his share of applause from the king and from the
' I5 G; d$ P, ?# r8 Q8 \9 \5 t  public;but the satire in his comedies made him many enemies,and he was
5 f1 Y: ?8 D1 ?+ V  the object of the most venomous attacks and the most impossible slanders.
: e- [& ]! d; {3 F4 E  Nor did he find much solace at home;for he married unfortunately,and
7 R: _( `& M7 T) w% K9 l  the unhappiness that followed increased the bitterness that public hostility/ h$ L4 {* D: m% V
  had brought into his life.On February 17,1673,while acting in"La
* _$ h; J0 Z3 L1 a! L+ X  Malade Imaginaire,"the last of his masterpieces,he was seized with# G" S; _0 Q! J
  illness and died a few hours later.
( d7 U9 v' R; X+ ?* v; W6 `    SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗  |% ?: V' a2 D1 i# o+ |6 C
  The first of the greater works of Moliere was"Les Precieuses
, v7 w' Y4 P7 K* n8 W4 u, Z8 G5 o* B  Ridicules,"produced in 1659.In this brilliant piece Moliere lifted French
& s' H$ V# x+ E  comedy to a new level and gave it a new purpose--the satirizing of
$ h- ]( M8 _: _( J8 M  s6 M5 L; o4 C  contemporary manners and affectations by frank portrayal and criticism.5 N$ l6 o' F, p/ K" S
  In the great plays that followed,"The School for Husbands"and"TheTARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE% S# F" _0 n; L4 x
  2
8 ]% W+ x6 I7 Z# Z# ]0 y  School for Wives,""The Misanthrope"and"The Hypocrite"(Tartuffe)," s# Z+ ?% {. d
  "The Miser"and"The Hypochondriac,""The Learned Ladies,""The6 D7 f/ t8 U2 G# j, L( n) o
  Doctor in Spite of Himself,""The Citizen Turned Gentleman,"and many
; Y# }3 r% ~3 Y0 K- @  others,he exposed mercilessly one after another the vices and foibles of2 Z. M/ m* i' Q' c& r7 |
  the day.8 X9 J4 v6 x) b0 i
  His characteristic qualities are nowhere better exhibited than in
( k1 R3 Z" _: G$ W# s; r2 P  "Tartuffe."Compared with such characterization as Shakespeare's,) u. W  x  V$ t9 n, N( k
  Moliere's method of portraying life may seem to be lacking in complexity;
* I6 u$ T3 e2 c$ q7 E- C  but it is precisely the simplicity with which creations like Tartuffe embody" `" W3 w! M2 L
  the weakness or vice they represent that has given them their place as0 o$ G. F: e! u7 Y. M0 W- M
  universally recognized types of human nature.
. C: V7 e7 Z: V* [  CHARACTERS) c+ f! k2 o5 o- N: s' `+ x3 U0 {
    SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗
# @9 O  S- E# J, d$ ^. n" p  A5 K3 k  MADAME PERNELLE,mother of Orgon ORGON,husband of+ @! U* L% F; E3 I
  Elmire ELMIRE,wife of Orgon DAMIS,son of Orgon MARIANE,( M7 V4 |! h2 M1 d1 N. ?) S
  daughter of Orgon,in love with Valere CLEANTE,brother-in-law of
  [1 R3 b4 T# p: B+ f  Orgon TARTUFFE,a hypocrite DORINE,Mariane's maid M.LOYAL,a  w7 i5 q/ ~- h: g* _! Z5 E
  bailiff A Police Officer FLIPOTTE,Madame Pernelle's servant5 Z" [, u+ W# }( T" s; b9 r6 `
  The Scene is at ParisTARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE8 g6 S- x2 U* I3 H. V- {0 Y
  3
; p7 O& U8 P# I% e% r  ACT ITARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE
* z* D5 m6 j3 h$ ~( _  4* ~1 `% e& X" b  D
  SCENE I- Q0 f$ [5 g: w1 S- t
  MADAME PERNELLE and FLIPOTTE,her servant;ELMIRE,8 g" {; j2 N+ r
  MARIANE,CLEANTE,DAMIS,DORINE4 f; X4 p" y2 S. N' @& Q9 ~; l
  MADAME PERNELLE Come,come,Flipotte,and let me get away.
: X( W3 m6 o' F# q: w& s" _  ELMIRE You hurry so,I hardly can attend you.. B+ G& c% R0 |6 w( R( T
  MADAME PERNELLE Then don't,my daughter-in law.Stay where% i& m( E; E. {& w$ G$ K9 E# ^
  you are.I can dispense with your polite attentions.3 i4 A5 H" `8 ~0 @" B5 q
  ELMIRE We're only paying what is due you,mother.Why must you$ y# E' C, ^4 C+ _5 Y, j
  go away in such a hurry?1 t- S- i" W' }$ r+ ?  Z
  MADAME PERNELLE Because I can't endure your carryings-on,
- I  K7 y: ^2 C: w% b) j8 i& \  And no one takes the slightest pains to please me.I leave your house,I tell4 K) ]: q$ z; K6 h- s0 h. K
  you,quite disgusted;You do the opposite of my instructions;You've no
+ R+ a" e& f5 x* |$ e/ v0 I  respect for anything;each one Must have his say;it's perfect) U* a3 ]6 X3 o: i; D3 n8 c
  pandemonium.6 B# \  M3 @2 _2 t4 U  X& ^
    SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗+ b- h  u' Z# j) Z$ F
  DORINE If...
" ^, _% U. O0 D+ W* h7 }, `1 G  MADAME PERNELLE You're a servant wench,my girl,and much
# R3 |) ^  ^. K0 R, I6 L& h  Too full of gab,and too imp**inent And free with your advice on all
% N5 ]* u# a! v  occasions.DAMIS But...; ]" b" \7 N: k# k; K7 [
  MADAME PERNELLE You're a fool,my boy--f,o,o,l Just spells
" V( p/ O9 X7 I. v6 o1 K  your name.Let grandma tell you that I've said a hundred times to my poor' J' e/ g2 r  D) R5 ^& }* y
  son,Your father,that you'd never come to good Or give him anything but8 V" H0 L4 E( B4 r& \
  plague and torment.
$ y3 Q8 N6 K% v9 v; r  MARIANE I think...5 M* @" l. T# U0 q
  MADAME PERNELLE O dearie me,his little sister!You're all. V* m# e; |- c4 z! F- H1 y; k6 s
  demureness,butter wouldn't melt In your mouth,one would think to look
% H4 h) S, P0 V' S  k  at you.Still waters,though,they say...you know the proverb;And I% I4 O( l) u! Q! H$ x3 w! l
  don't like your doings on the sly.  c4 W; y( o- W& p3 c5 J
  ELMIRE But,mother...
; b& m$ v. n# r' Z* O4 O" t: b  MADAME PERNELLE Daughter,by your leave,your conduct In9 f% G$ p# C" o: O
  everything is altogether wrong;You ought to set a good example for'em;- m5 W* `6 h& Z; @
  Their dear departed mother did much better.You are extravagant;and it
* u3 W) F& g5 h  offends me,To see you always decked out like a princess.A woman who
; B( ~8 R- j5 D+ D+ y9 J: @  would please her husband's eyes Alone,wants no such wealth of fineries.TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE4 \# w( g' M2 T& X
   SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗" F! d& S% @3 x3 ?: q
  Still,if you meant to treat him now as guilty,How could you then consent: U" p: z8 n" q: S
  to take his gift?8 F+ J8 y7 G, B9 N# w
  TARTUFFE(to the Officer)Pray,sir,deliver me from all this clamour;8 n) K7 U) l' N( s- G% ^
  Be good enough to carry out your order.
$ u- \; o, Q1 \, w$ ?  THE OFFICER Yes,I've too long delayed its execution;'Tis very: T6 g* Z8 }3 L" u9 X( Q/ H
  fitting you should urge me to it;So therefore,you must follow me at once5 S( e$ S& |) b: G0 w
  To prison,where you'll find your lodging ready.
! i$ d+ a6 @$ Y; g( ^: B  TARTUFFE Who?I,sir?8 |* \6 @5 p, m3 z
  THE OFFICER You.
& b1 ?) l9 G" A: p* f  TARTUFFE By why to prison?
- f0 S9 ]! w' i& q' G3 m* F! G3 q9 a  THE OFFICER You Are not the one to whom I owe account.You,sir
# P$ k1 V! R1 [- h  (to Orgon),recover from your hot alarm.Our prince is not a friend to+ i: G- j: q, i
  double dealing,His eyes can read men's inmost hearts,and all The art of1 n( R  P$ y- D) d* k* m/ B
  hypocrites cannot deceive him.His sharp discernment sees things clear0 o" Z% g, `5 F/ Q6 U) z; E. V
  and true;His mind cannot too easily be swayed,For reason always holds
* [. `$ h: I% k) C! M  the balance even.He honours and exalts true piety,But knows the false,
  [- d& \) a6 r* d% t+ x+ l  and views it with disgust.This fellow was by no means apt to fool him,
1 ~4 y( ^4 A! @) s; l$ i9 ~& L' p  Far subtler snares have failed against his wisdom,And his quick insight
$ k3 x$ i9 @' m& x# `& \  pierced immediately The hidden baseness of this tortuous heart.Accusing& q- r! L* I5 g0 x
  you,the knave betrayed himself,And by true recompense of Heaven's
; d7 L) J0 m5 W* U6 X  justice He stood revealed before our monarch's eyes A scoundrel known
. m4 Z$ P% V7 ]. V  before by other names,Whose horrid crimes,detailed at length,might fill
; Q, \) Z& S% O3 M9 K  A long-drawn history of many volumes.Our monarch--to resolve you in a
. y5 ?: |* V9 T/ y& h7 k2 `$ g  word--Detesting his ingratitude and baseness,Added this horror to his
# j& _& E( B. V  other crimes,And sent me hither under his direction To see his insolence
" O8 r6 `( x6 ^  out-top itself,And force him then to give you satisfaction.Your papers,$ H& p7 ^. c5 W7 ~' ^
  which the traitor says are his,I am to take from him,and give you back;
% X1 j1 d) o8 m8 Y  The deed of gift transferring your estate Our monarch's sovereign will. i8 b" j1 \  X: g! C) l
  makes null and void;And for the secret personal offence Your friend/ X4 S' L! Z& L, U
  involved you in,he pardons you:Thus he rewards your recent zeal,
- C, b5 Z* H$ |" y/ d8 Z( [  displayed In helping to maintain his rights,and shows How well his heart,
% O3 M* H; ?3 {  when it is least expected,Knows how to recompense a noble deed,And
0 `3 n* i/ [4 J! r  D% g% u9 {  g  will not let true merit miss its due,Remembering always rather good than* e2 @" ]+ J( z& R9 T, s, V& s9 z
  evil.TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE
" Q2 j( s% I/ N3 W# [, A; K   SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗
% F7 A( G: j9 i+ c) Q  DORINE Now Heaven be praised!
8 v9 m7 s: C9 q, O" y$ Q  MADAME PERNELLE At last I breathe again.' K, ?0 ~/ q5 h/ _$ C
  ELMIRE A happy outcome!
0 o( w3 M  O% j  MARIANE Who'd have dared to hope it?
% K* G+ x& ~, S  ORGON(to Tartuffe,who is being led by the officer)There traitor!
0 u9 \8 F' u* |  W0 i, n  Now you're...TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE
+ Y; g0 `. ?( W5 N" p0 Z  SCENE VIII MADAME PERNELLE,ORGON,
+ V& T3 R; X) J, X0 b' x( Y  ELMIRE,MARIANE,CLEANTE,VALERE,DAMIS,
( P! a3 a2 K! [, ]. C% `  DORINE7 U" k* ?" z' ]/ N5 H- r- C+ X
  CLEANTE Brother,hold!--and don't Descend to such indignities,I
& t0 f5 }7 P  i) I  beg you.Leave the poor wretch to his unhappy fate,And let remorse- R( j9 \* r/ @) t
  oppress him,but not you.Hope rather that his heart may now return To
  w) r9 n0 z1 m; b8 w" o% i  virtue,hate his vice,reform his ways,And win the pardon of our glorious, w$ M3 Z% }" x' ?; o* V- E# I
  prince;While you must straightway go,and on your knees Repay with
! P: \& o/ }# @. E7 f, q2 k  thanks his noble generous kindness.- n  \( h- }# H. l4 n2 l
   
- V% f  M, _0 ~0 b! u( G6 ]

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    SAT阅读下载英文原著TARTUFFE OR THE HYPOCRITE塔突弗
/ d, G9 m1 r6 q( t3 y* D  ORGON Well said!We'll go,and at his feet kneel down,With joy to
! p% n$ ?8 O1 D1 b! A  thank him for his goodness shown;And this first duty done,with honours- M* l" ?8 |, e# z1 W  E6 ?( E; P
  due,We'll then attend upon another,too.With wedded happiness reward# y( _( D5 ?- S8 \! e# Q1 D6 t
  Valere,And crown a lover noble and sincere./ C4 R/ A# T: C5 b- r( p- }8 w* p
  End of Project Gutenberg Etext of Tartuffe or the Hypocrite,by
( b( s0 G: D$ q  Moliere
! u7 w' w* i9 }3 g& p1 x) W
' d! j& R$ A3 j: x/ M% ^
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