请选择 进入手机版 | 继续访问电脑版
中国唯一A股上市留学机构

太傻论坛

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

已签到
今日已签到
17

全部服务类型

用户头像

[经验分享] 美国本科留学2018年12月1日SAT考试机经真题解析

jackd   发表于 2018-12-4 11:28:57 | 显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式 | 跳转到指定楼层
147 0
    美国本科留学2018年12月1日SAT考试机经真题解析0 K6 |. E5 ~: D8 o& n1 a
    香港亚太区SAT考试
" h8 j% d* l# ^# ~  阅读部分
1 N* T# h. C% J' l; B4 c' G  Passage 1
9 ~- L' _! u& c4 s! Q  一个叫R的人事磨剪子磨菜刀的,有人问他多大年纪的时候,他就说自己从有胡子就开始了。他从来不看日历等计时间的东西,他到处问人要不要磨刀,人们想拒绝的他时,他总是会想办法说服别人。如果有人说找别人,R会说别人不怎么样,他磨得刀具有六十天保质期,要是60天就不锋利了可以找他,顾客找他的时候他也不辩解,会重新磨一遍,也不觉得是自己吃亏了! Q6 f8 u7 w6 e& `, r2 a
  Passage 2( H6 Y% x  [/ A/ {& H& O4 h
  Walt Whitman写给Ralph Waldo Emerson一封信的选段
) R3 d! A  q- L0 [  大意:美国也正在创立一种文学,我觉得很好,每天走到路上,看到人群,觉得人群比出版商什么的有吸引力,美国年轻人要作为诗歌方面的代表,因为他们比别人都优秀。
) P& m; B/ q2 e) K; c5 J" q& C  美国有英语做基础,这是很好的,有很丰富的已有的资源。
7 d) t  O$ c1 N& {' v& _  但是美国的问题是一直都在重复,年轻人没有什么创新,一直在复制人的东西看别的国家人家一直以来没有什么文学作品,有的国家语言本身不够好,但是依然取得了很好的成就。美国年轻人有这么好的资源,应该创造美国自己的文化。0 Q" r& G! U4 F" N8 x6 W
    美国本科留学2018年12月1日SAT考试机经真题解析
& s/ j3 p2 `4 f  原文如下:# A4 ~) W5 P7 i3 ]# @! A6 k
  Swiftly,on limitless foundations,the United States too are founding a literature.It is all as well done,in my opinion,as could be practicable.Each element here is in condition.Every day I go among the people of Manhattan Island,Brooklyn,and other cities,and among the young men,to discover the spirit of them,and to refresh myself.These are to be attended to;I am myself more drawn here than to those authors,publishers,importations,reprints,and so forth.I pass coolly through those,understanding them perfectly well.and that they do the indispensable service,outside of men like me,which nothing else could do.In poems,the young men of The States shall be represented,for they out-rival the best of the rest of the earth.
% n0 V2 c( C! y1 c: v5 n! ]  The lists of ready-made literature which America inherits by the mighty inheritance of the English language--all the rich rep**oire of traditions,poems,historics,metaphysics,plays,classics,translations,have made,and still continue,magnificent preparations for that other plainly signified literature,to be our own,to be electric,fresh,lusty,to express the full-sized body,male and female--to give the modern meanings of things,to grow up beautiful,lasting,commensurate with America,with all the passions of home,with the inimitable sympathies of having been boys and girls together,and of parents who were with our parents.# k+ B. A; ~( m; Y( \) B, J- U* P' z
  What else can happen The States,even in their own despite?That huge English flow,so sweet,so undeniable,has done incalculable good here,and is to be spoken of for its own sake with generous praise and with gratitude.Yet the price The States have had to lie under for the same has not been a small price.Payment prevails;a nation can never take the issues of the needs of other nations for nothing.America,grandest of lands in the theory of its politics,in popular reading,in hospitality,breadth,animal beauty,cities,ships,machines,money,credit,collapses quick as lightning at the repeated,admonishing,stern words,Where are any mental expressions from you,beyond what you have copied or stolen?Where the born throngs of poets,literats,orators,you promised?Will you but tag after other nations?They struggled long for their literature,painfully working their way,some with deficient languages,some with priest-craft,some in the endeavor just to live--yet achieved for their times,works,poems,perhaps the only solid consolation left to them through ages afterward of shame and decay.You are young,have the perfectest of dialects,a free press,a free government,the world forwarding its best to be with you.As justice has been strictly done to you,from this hour do strict justice to yourself.Strangle the singers who will not sing you loud and strong.Open the doors of The West.Call for new great masters to comprehend new arts,new perfections,new wants.Submit to the most robust bard till he remedy your barrenness.Then you will not need to adopt the heirs of others;you will have true heirs,begotten of yourself,blooded with your own blood.
" z! S' g0 d5 g: N# |8 v) {  Passage 3
* m& n, V3 y  D  一种甲虫会毁坏咖啡豆,它可以抵抗***的毒性,***对于大部分昆虫来说都不好,但是这种甲虫可以存活,然后开始探究原因,说是因为某种细菌,然后做了一个实验,证实了这个观点,但是不知道是什么细菌。为了找出来,研究人员从好几个国家收集了样本,寻找共同特征,最后发现P.F,如果要杀掉P.F,就杀掉虫子,喷洒抗生素理论上可行,但是不可取,会增大耐药性,降低抗生素的作用。但是,可能有另外一种方法,利用某种病毒,然后介绍了是怎么回事,最重要的是这种研究为病虫害防治提供了一种新的思路。
. i$ J" I+ Z) B% [3 @3 P- z) X$ G    美国本科留学2018年12月1日SAT考试机经真题解析
  x( |2 ~5 r& s* V9 P4 A  Passage 4, L: d1 p9 f; L, X' a" t
  法庭上人人都有机会发言,在一个人有第二次发言机会之前肯定所有人都发过一次言。有个问题,人的意见是受影响的。然后介绍了两个实验,第一个是安排实验对象辨别明显不一样的线段的匹配(此处暗示很容易得出正确答案,后面好像有出题),其他的人都是假的,故意给出错误答案误导,结果实验对象就自己怀疑自己本来的正确答案;第二个实验,跟第一个差不多,只有在一堆假的人里面有一个是给出正确答案的,结果实验对象的正确率就提高了很多。在一个group里,一个人的决定回影响其他人的决定。
0 ^2 J' @7 T+ W/ t# I, Z% y+ m  Passage 58 f" w( R- C7 y9 \3 `& `' G! w
  第一篇:开始觉得蚯蚓通过吃植物残体挺好的,但是后面发现蚯蚓是不好的,因为翻动土壤破坏了历史遗迹的保存。# u# p0 Q6 X; p
  第二篇:蚯蚓对于生态的影响,发现五大湖周围的植被不是很好,又有研究表扬,蚯蚓的侵入挡不住,对生态的影响是坏的。
7 A$ q5 W  r& `  语法部分:
7 h" y4 w8 \: u2 T+ q  Y  Passage 11 Q5 |$ c+ w4 d* A0 y
  The Colorful Communication of squid
. I6 q: @, l+ S: V! \  关于Squid的颜色,Squid身体的颜色变化是很复杂的过程,在清水里是透明色,在浑水里发白光,Squid不是很聪明,但是行为复杂
2 E6 U" g$ `! s+ ?; m1 ?  Passage 2
: W! z6 r7 F6 x4 y5 ?  A career That Hits All the Right Notes
7 z7 r! T6 }4 T. T) \& j: k  一位吉他手,刚开始只是一个performer,后来在这个行业里认识了越来越多的人,也开始同时从事多种行业,增加并且稳定收入;最后一部分涉及主要说了一下现在大部分音乐家都不止从事一个行业(图表题很直接,直接看数字就可以做)。
7 M6 E- C! X) z8 R  Passage 3
; M1 ]$ ?" Q0 r5 q  Preserving the digital world on permanent paper, Y; t) D; N! K  h# `
  高科技的数字设备有一些缺点,会造成一些information gap,比如tape播放不了,或者与modern设备有不兼容的问题(此处考了词汇题),所以研究人员想研究不容易毁坏的纸(此处考了细节题)来更永久的保存信息,拿UK举了例子。
/ N6 q& a5 ~. [4 r/ {  o  Passage 4* g4 f- c) r2 ?0 S
  Never judge a pocket by its cover
5 w) P% u1 m' r! j9 Z  口袋小说之前,hardbook比较贵,后来一个叫Rob**的人决定发明口袋小说,刚开始他的伙伴觉得不会成功,但是最后他成功了,改变了人们阅读习惯,最后几句说的是虽然有竞争,市场没那么好了,(此处考了介词)但是影响很深远7 F# `" L! T! f/ J6 D% i5 C
  数学部分0 R  j8 A2 J, d1 U  ?7 |& r
  无计算器的数学部分较为简单,三角函数的几个常考的值还是要背一下的,另外,二元一次方程组什么时候有无限/有限解要知道。计算器部分,题干阅读的部分比较长,阅读速度要跟上,化繁为简,基本不需要计算器都可以解出来,涉及到中位数,平均数,范围;二元一次方程组和一元二次方程组;概率等等
/ T/ _8 A; ^# V5 A( h, l/ s' x    美国本科留学2018年12月1日SAT考试机经真题解析4 M  b/ s+ h! {% o7 L2 V
  写作部分$ ^7 X, H' `6 m/ x6 c
  The real reasons to support language study
% N2 Q4 o# K- M  大意如下:, ]% ]! \7 ]8 g5 m: l+ J" E4 e* Y
  第一段:目前有一个现象,学校在预算以及课程设置方面不重视语言的学习。作者说这样是不好的
& s, o2 `$ @, f1 p1 z  第二段:传统观点认为语言学习不重要,两种人:家长和officials of support resource都不认为语言学习重要,但是这两类人一类是为教育付费的,另一类是分配教育资源的
+ C; L9 H% V5 u: `6 {$ Y  第三段:学语言的好处
3 h( c+ N! V  V' w0 I. @+ \  第四段:继续学语言的好处
: ?* ~' E1 p9 U9 ?! j' |  第五段:另一个误解是说学语言不重要,是因为英语的market value很高,但是在他语言环境下,只会说英语是劣势
9 C7 o% k. o  C  第六段:为什么很多人不愿意学语言
' N4 g6 j( q% [) l; G: x, n  第七段:再一次强调学语言的重要性
9 g5 T) v4 d$ [' c( @5 I- s  原文如下:
, P/ N9 N6 P' j* P8 D/ w  By Mauro F.Guillén JULY 27,20091 ?4 I6 _# {1 C4 C# k( w
  In an era of dwindling budgets,universities have identified language programs as an area for possible cuts.Languages with few students are being framed as luxuries that cannot be afforded during a time of scarcity.The target is easy:Language instruction is delivered by nontenured faculty members to a much greater extent than most other subjects are.Some universities have even announced that entire language departments might be eliminated as a way to,euphemistically,realign resource allocation with emerging priorities.There is a fundamental misunderstanding of the role that language learning should play in undergraduate and graduate curricula,which could seriously imperil the ability of the university to educate the students of the 21st century.
% o/ ~  H. r/ e3 `! x  F; \  The conventional wisdom among university administrators is that languages are helpful only as tools to achieve an end,such as being able to live,work,or do research in countries where operating in English is not an option.My casual conversations with parents of students and with officials of external sources of support,including government agencies and foundations,reveal a similarly limited view.This stance is as shortsighted as it is widespread among the people who make key decisions about resource allocation across disciplines and programs,and among those who pay for our students'education.
: ?2 F: v. L* d5 y1 h2 _* K7 i    美国本科留学2018年12月1日SAT考试机经真题解析
, f4 K$ m1 V% f. M# q  We also know from research and experience that acquiring another language makes students better problem solvers,unleashing their ability to identify problems,enriching the ways in which they search and process information,and ** them aware of issues and perspectives that they would otherwise ignore.I have often observed that students with exposure to two or more languages and cultures are more creative in their thinking,especially when it comes to tackling complex problems that do not have clear solutions.0 C( u) L9 o5 \
  Learners of languages,by exposing themselves to other cultures and institutional arrangements,are more likely to see differences of opinion and conflicts by approaching a problem from perspectives that incorporate the values and norms of others as well as their own.Knowledge of other languages also fosters tolerance and mutual understanding.Language learning is thus much more than becoming operational in an environment different than one's own.It is a powerful way of appreciating and respecting the diversity of the world.
" f9 K/ A. B: u& [+ @8 |8 z2 ]  Another common misconception about the study of languages is that globalization has reduced the market value of most of them while increasing that of English,the lingua franca of business,science,and technology.According to that logic,students would be wise to invest their time and energy in other subjects once they have mastered spoken and written English.While it is true that major multinational companies use English at their most important meetings,I continue to come across case-based evidence indicating that if you work for a German,Japanese,Chinese,Swedish,or Brazilian company,you'd better speak the language of the home country,or you will be at a disadvantage when it comes to understanding the subtleties of decision-** and advancing your career.English proficiency may have become a necessary qualification for employment at most multinational organizations,but it is c**ainly not sufficient to pursue a successful professional career in an international context.The argument that the market value of the English language is increasing relative to the value of other languages,if pushed to its logical extreme,would present native English speakers with a false choice between allocating their energies to learning another language and focusing on other academic subjects.
1 A, d# E+ y3 H6 J    美国本科留学2018年12月1日SAT考试机经真题解析
. o5 ~  H  A: o3 }- i$ f  Students who are serious about engaging in a demanding activity,whether learning to speak a language or play a musical instrument,are more motivated to learn other subjects.The language learner is undaunted by the difficulty of the task and eager to benefit from the discipline that language instruction offers.I teach sociology and management courses to undergraduate and graduate students.Those who have knowledge of languages other than English tend to perform better.
) U0 V/ ]  U7 [+ j6 H! u2 i  By undermining the importance of learning other languages,we are losing an opportunity to educate our students to be better citizens of the world,and failing to provide them with the tools and mind-set they need to understand and solve complex problems.Learning a language exercises the mind and enriches the spirit.It is a fundamentally humbling process by which students learn that their culture and way of expressing it are relative,not absolute.That perspective makes them more open to other points of view,and more likely to avoid one-size-fits-all solutions to the problems of the world.
# r5 H, J+ w3 \, D, P8 @9 [0 o' _: s  r7 Z- w, c
发表于 2018-12-4 11:28:57 | 显示全部楼层

举报

回复|
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|太傻 ( 京ICP证101000号,京ICP备11024005号,京公网安备11010502024134 )

GMT+8, 2019-1-24 21:25 , Processed in 0.030849 second(s), 11 queries , Gzip On, Apc On.

© 2001-2015 taisha.org

快速回复 快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表